Physical therapy is used both as a supportive treatment, and as a basic form of therapy. Physical therapy comprises procedures affecting the human body through various physical factors from natural or artificial resources: heat, mechanical vibration, electric fields, electric current, light, microwaves, and different types of radiation.
In the Physical Therapy Department patients can benefit from dynamic currents, interference currents, TENS, electrostimulation, laser therapy, magnetotherapy, cryotherapy using liquid nitrogen and high frequency electromagnetic fields.
DIADYNAMIC CURRENTS (15 MINUTES, BODY AREA)
Diadynamic currents are primarily indicated in the treatment of pain syndromes, degenerative joint and spine disease, neuralgia and periarticular inflammation. The treatment affects the excitability of the nerves and muscles, provides vasodilation and tissue nutrition, has an anti-inflammatory effect, reduces muscular tension, stimulates the muscles and improves their function.
INTERFERENTIAL CURRENTS (15 MINUTES, BODY AREA)
These are medium-frequency currents, providing an enjoyable sensation. The frequency depends on the desired therapeutic effect. This treatment stimulates the muscles and improves their function, reduces their tension, affects the excitability of nerves and muscles, provides vasodilation and tissue nutrition, and has anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects.
CONSTANT CURRENT – IONOPHORESIS (20 MINUTES, BODY AREA)
This electronic treatment uses a constant electric current. It consists in introducing an ionised form of a medication into the patient's body tissues. The effect depends on the medication used. The treatment modifies the excitability of the nerves and muscles, and has vasodilatory, anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects.
TENS CURRENTS (20 MINUTES, BODY AREA)
The treatment uses rectangular or triangular impulse currents to stimulate the sensory nerve fibres. It helps to reduce acute and chronic pain. The currents are used to stimulate the skeletal muscles.
TRABERT CURRENTS (20 MINUTES, BODY AREA)
A therapeutic method using a rectangular current form which causes tetanus contractions of the skeletal muscles, thus reducing muscular tension. The treatment helps to reduce acute and chronic pain, and it is used in degenerative joint disease.
TONOLYSIS (20 MINUTES, BODY AREA)
This treatment normalises muscular tension in diseases associated with central nervous system damage. It consists of the stimulation of the spastic muscle with a short rectangular or triangular impulses and, during the relaxation, the antagonistic muscle is stimulated with a series of impulses.
ELECTROSTIMULATION (20 MINUTES, BODY AREA)
This is a valuable supportive treatment for numerous diseases in orthopaedics, neurology and rheumatology, as well as in muscular and neural rehabilitation. It also reduces lost muscle functions, which positively affects muscular motor functions, and increases muscle strength and endurance.
LASER THERAPY (10 MINUTES, BODY AREA)
The treatment uses focused infra-red beams. It is indicated in chronic and acute inflammations of joints, periarticular tissues and the skin, as it reduces pain, inflammation and oedema.
MAGNETOTHERAPY (20 MINUTES, BODY AREA)
A suitable dose of a magnetic field affects the organism by improving the oxygen absorption of the tissues, and stimulating the regeneration processes. It can be used in the treatment of post-traumatic disorders of the motor organ, pain syndromes of various aetiologies, for general regeneration, and in osteoporosis. The treatment improves tissue nourishment, stimulates collagen renewal, improves circulation, and has analgesic, anti-inflammatory, relaxing and antioedema effects.
PHONOPHORESIS (10 MINUTES, BODY AREA)
The treatment uses ultrasound to apply medications of various consistencies (water solutions, gels, creams, and emulsions) through the skin. With the use of sound waves of a certain frequency, the medications are transported into the deeper skin layers, which enhances the therapeutic effect. Phonophoresis demonstrates analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects, increases lymph flow in the lymphatic vessels, and increases absorption processes while reducing muscular tension.
ULTRASOUND (UP TO 10 MINUTES FOR A BODY AREA)
This treatment uses acoustic waves at a frequency of over 20 kHz. It demonstrates analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects, increases lymph flow in the lymphatic vessels, and increases absorption processes while reducing muscular tension. Using ultrasound also increases the flexibility of the connective tissue in scars, contractures, fibrotic muscles and joint capsules, while the process of wound healing is accelerated.
SCANLAB HIGH-FREQUENCY ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD (15 MINUTES, BODY AREA)
The treatment has an analgesic effect, and provides quick results in a short time. It demonstrates an anti-inflammatory effect, and increases the absorption processes.
LIQUID NITROGEN CRYOTHERAPY (ONE POINT, BODY AREA)
The treatment consists of the local reduction of the temperature of tissues by using cold nitrogen vapours of between -110° and -160°C. Cryotherapy provides pain relief, demonstrates an anti-inflammatory effect, reduces oedema, improves joint motility, and relaxes the muscles.
LED LIGHT THERAPY
This is an innovative method of using the low-energy light generated by LED diodes in the visible spectrum and in the close infra-red spectrum. It can be used in the treatment of pain, skin inflammations or burns, disorders or injuries of the bone and joint system, as well as in post-stroke, neurological and post-traumatic rehabilitation.
MAGNETIC LED LIGHT STIMULATION
A combined therapy, using low-energy light and magnetic fields, consisting of the specific application of a low induction, slowly variable magnetic field to the body. It can be used in the treatment of pain, skin inflammations or burns, and disorders as well as injuries of the bone and joint system.